The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among nursing home residents is high but little is known whether pharmacologic therapy recommended by actual medication guidelines is followed by facility's staff.
To evaluate the adherence to actual guidelines for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among older adult residents of long-term care (LTC) facilities.
Material and methods
The cross-sectional study was performed from December 2009 to November 2010 among 189 elderly residents aged ≥60 years in 3 LTC facilities in Poland: 1 long-term care hospital (LTCH) and 2 nursing homes (NHs). The initial evaluation included analysis of medical documentation (all diagnosed diseases and used drugs), blood pressure (BP) measurements and performance of Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF), Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and Barthel Index. Prescribed medication for hypertension (HT), heart failure (HF), and coronary heart disease (CHD) were compared to current European Cardiology Society (ESC), and European Society of Hypertension (ESH) medication guidelines. Residents were divided into 3 subgroups: with HT, HF, and CHD. Results were presented as means and standard deviation. Groups were compared using Mann-Whitney U test for nonparametric data and chi-square test to assess differences in distribution of categorical variables. P values <.05 were considered statistically significant.
CHD was diagnosed among 114 residents (60.3%) but only 60.5% of them were treated with aspirin (ASA), 45.6% with beta-blockers (BBs), 60.5% with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), and 24.6% with statins. HF observed in 75% of cases was treated by using ACEI (54.7%), BBs (45.3%), loop diuretics (LDs, 36%), mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonists (MRAs, 21.3%). HT was diagnosed among 98 study participants (51.9%) and in the majority of cases (76.6%) was well controlled (mean BP: 133.7 ± 17.6/73.8 ± 10.2 mmHg). The most popular antihypertensive drugs were ACEIs (77.6%), BBs (40.8%) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs, 26.5%) whereas thiazides, alpha-blockers (ABs), and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) were used less frequently.
In summary, the study showed that insufficient treatment of cardiovascular diseases among elderly residents of LTC facilities could be a potential risk factor of poor prognosis.
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Published online: February 02, 2018
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
The work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (grant numbers N N404 047236).
© 2018 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.