Original Study| Volume 19, ISSUE 10, P864-870, October 2018

Patient-Reported Outcomes in Functioning Following Nursing Home or Inpatient Rehabilitation



      Our study examines factors associated with patient-reported outcomes in functioning among Medicare beneficiaries who reported receiving rehabilitation services in a nursing home or inpatient (ie, hospital or rehabilitation facility) setting in the prior year.


      Data are from the 2015 and 2016 rounds of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years and older.

      Setting and Participants

      A total of 479 participants in the 2016 sample who reported receiving rehabilitation services in a nursing home or inpatient setting in the past year.


      Bivariate and logistic regression analyses examined the association of demographic, socioeconomic status, and health variables (from the 2015 interview) and rehabilitation characteristics (from the 2016 interview) with patient-reported improvement in “functioning and ability to do activities” while receiving rehabilitation services in the past year.


      Among Medicare beneficiaries who received rehabilitation services in nursing home or inpatient settings, 33.4% (weighted percent) reported no improvement in functioning while they were receiving rehabilitation. In a regression analysis that accounted for demographics, those with a high school education or less (compared with those with a college degree), instrumental activities of daily living impairments, certain primary conditions for rehabilitation, less than 1-month total duration of rehabilitation services, and no outpatient rehabilitation services had greater odds of reporting no improvement.


      Our weighted sample represents approximately 2.3 million Medicare beneficiaries who received rehabilitation services in nursing home or inpatient settings. In this sample, 1 in 3 reported no improvement in functioning, with differences in patient-reported outcomes across socioeconomic status, health status, and rehabilitation characteristics domains. Consideration of characteristics across these domains may be clinically pertinent, but investigation as to why these differences are present and whether services can be optimized to further improve patient-reported outcomes is warranted.


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