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Research Letter| Volume 22, ISSUE 12, P2605-2607, December 2021

Personality and Falls: Findings Based on the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe

  • André Hajek
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to André Hajek, PhD, PD, Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, Hamburg, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Germany.
    Affiliations
    Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, Hamburg, Germany
    Search for articles by this author
  • Hans-Helmut König
    Affiliations
    Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, Hamburg, Germany
    Search for articles by this author
Published:August 31, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2021.08.003
      Many individuals in late life experience falls. These falls can have various adverse consequences (eg, increased depressive symptoms, injuries, or functional losses
      • Rao S.S.
      Prevention of falls in older patients.
      ). Owing to the importance of falls, various correlates of falls have been identified in previous research including sociodemographic factors (such as being female or higher age) and health-related factors (such as osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, imbalance, or muscle weakness).
      • Deandrea S.
      • Lucenteforte E.
      • Bravi F.
      • et al.
      Risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
      However, thus far, far less is known about the association between personality factors and falls. For instance, it has recently been demonstrated that neuroticism is associated with a higher risk of falling.
      • Turunen K.M.
      • Kokko K.
      • Kekäläinen T.
      • et al.
      Associations of neuroticism with falls in older adults: Do psychological factors mediate the association?.
      Based on data from the Health and Retirement study, a previous study has shown that lower conscientiousness and higher neuroticism increased the risk of falling.
      • Canada B.
      • Stephan Y.
      • Sutin A.R.
      • Terracciano A.
      Personality and falls among older adults: Evidence from a longitudinal cohort.
      Because of the limited knowledge, our aim was to examine the association between personality factors and falls. Knowledge about an association between personality factors and falls can assist in addressing individuals with an increased risk for falling.
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