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Hospitalizations Before and After Entry Into Long-Term Care

Published:January 12, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2021.12.034
      Older adults, particularly those with declining health, have frequent hospitalizations.
      • Ouslander J.G.
      • Lamb G.
      • Perloe M.
      • et al.
      Potentially avoidable hospitalizations of nursing home residents: frequency, causes, and costs.
      These hospitalizations can result in cognitive and functional decline
      • Covinsky K.E.
      • Palmer R.M.
      • Fortinsky R.H.
      • et al.
      Loss of independence in activities of daily living in older adults hospitalized with medical illnesses: increased vulnerability with age.
      ,
      • Mathews S.B.
      • Arnold S.E.
      • Epperson C.N.
      Hospitalization and cognitive decline: can the nature of the relationship be deciphered?.
      and many are considered potentially avoidable with appropriate care.
      • Ouslander J.G.
      • Lamb G.
      • Perloe M.
      • et al.
      Potentially avoidable hospitalizations of nursing home residents: frequency, causes, and costs.
      Many countries have invested in services that help older individuals with declining health to live at home longer, including home care package support and respite care for carers, but also long-term residential care for those who no longer can live at home.
      • Dyer S.M.
      • Valeri M.
      • Arora N.
      • et al.
      Review of International Systems for Long-Term Care of Older People.
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