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Post-Acute Care Use Associated with Medicare Shared Savings Program and Disparities

Published:September 12, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2022.07.024

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) was implemented in 2012, but the impact of the MSSP on institutional post-acute care (PAC) use, and by race/ethnicity and payer status is less studied. We studied the impact of hospital participation in the MSSP on institutional PAC use and variations by race/ethnicity and payer status among 3 Medicare patient groups: ischemic stroke, hip fracture, and elective total joint arthroplasty (TJA).

      Design

      A retrospective analysis of 2010–2016 Medicare Provider Analysis and Review files.

      Setting and Participants

      Medicare fee-for-service patients originally admitted for ischemic stroke, hip fracture, or elective TJA in MSSP-participating hospitals or nonparticipating hospitals.

      Methods

      Patient-level linear probability models with difference-in-differences approach were used to compare the changes in institutional PAC use in MSSP-participating hospitals with nonparticipating hospitals as well as to compare the changes in differences by race/ethnicity and payer status in institutional PAC use over time.

      Results

      Hospital participation in MSSP was significantly associated with increased institutional PAC use for the ischemic stroke cohort by 1.5 percentage points [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.00–0.3, P < .05] compared with non-MSSP participating hospitals. Regarding variations by race/ethnicity and payer status, for the elective TJA patients, racial minority patients in MSSP-participating hospitals had 3.8 percentage points greater (95% CI 0.01–0.06, P < .01) in institutional PAC use than white patients. Also, for ischemic stroke cohort, dual-eligible patients in MSSP-participating hospitals had 2.0 percentage points greater (95% CI 0.00–0.04, P < .10) in institutional PAC use than Medicare-only patients.

      Conclusions and Implications

      This study found that hospital participation in the MSSP was associated with slightly increased institutional PAC use for ischemic stroke Medicare patients. Also, compared to non-MSSP participating hospitals, MSSP-participating hospitals were more likely to discharge racial minority patients for elective TJA and dual-eligible patients for ischemic stroke to institutional PAC.

      Keywords

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