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Examining Real-World Therapy Practice of Cognitive Screening and Assessment in Post-Acute Care

Published:December 13, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2022.11.007

      Abstract

      Objectives

      Routine implementation of cognitive screening and assessment by therapy providers in post-acute settings may promote improved care coordination. This study examined the frequency of cognitive screening and assessment documentation across post-acute settings, as well as its relationship with contextual factors and outcomes.

      Design

      Cross-sectional observational study using Medicare claims and electronic health record data from 1 large health system.

      Setting and Participants

      Older adults admitted to post-acute care after an acute hospitalization.

      Methods

      Descriptive analysis examined documentation of cognitive screening and assessment. Logistic and hierarchical linear regression evaluated the relationship among patient factors, cognitive screening and assessment, and patient outcomes.

      Results

      The most common admission diagnoses for the final sample (n=2535) were total hip or knee joint replacement (41.7%) and stroke (15.3%). Following acute hospitalization, patients were discharged to inpatient rehabilitation (22.6%), skilled nursing (9.3%), or home health (68.1%). During the post-acute care stay, 38% of patients had documentation of cognitive screening by any therapy discipline. Patterns of documentation varied across disciplines and post-acute settings. Documentation of standardized cognitive assessments was limited, occurring for less than 2% of patients. Admission for stroke was associated with significantly higher odds of cognitive screening or assessment [odds ratio (OR) 2.07, 95% CI 1.13, 3.82] compared to patients with other diagnoses. There was no significant relationship between documentation of cognitive screening or assessment and 30-day readmissions (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.53, 1.28).

      Conclusion and Implications

      The key finding was inconsistent documentation of cognitive screening and assessment across disciplines and post-acute settings, which could be in part due to variation in electronic health record platforms. Future work can expand on these results to understand the degree to which contextual factors facilitate or inhibit routine delivery and documentation of cognitive screening and assessment. Findings can support implementation of standardized data elements to lead to improved care coordination and outcomes.

      Keywords

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